Tuesday, February 24, 2015

W.E. A.L.L. B.E. TV: "BLOOD IN THEIR EYES: The Elaine Race Massacres of 1919" with Author Grif Stockley

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W.E. A.L.L. B.E. TV: "BLOOD IN THEIR EYES: The Elaine Race Massacres of 1919" with Author Grif Stockley~7/25/2011


About The Elaine Race Massacre Of 1919

On September 30, 1919, A Gathering Of Black Sharecroppers @  A Church In The Arkansas Delta To Organize An Union To Fight Exploitation By The White Power Structure Leads Arguably To The Greatest Race Massacre In United States History...With The Whites Fearing A Possible Insurrection Because Of  The Perceived Militance Of The Unionization Of Black Sharecroppers, The White Power Structure Unleashed A Genocidal Blood Lust, With Allegedly As Few As 20 To Staggering Estimates Of 856 Men, Women & Children Of African American Descent Being Murdered By The U.S. Military & White Civilians Of Helena & Elaine, Arkansas...Their Bodies Allegedly Being Buried In Mass Graves & Thrown Into The Mississippi River...

In the summer of 1919, black sharecroppers and tenant farmers in Elaine, Arkansas, were angered by suspicions that they were being cheated by wealthy white landowners. Whites were accused of deliberately suppressing wages and undervaluing the price of cotton produced on black farms. A group of black farmers established the Progressive Farmers and Householders Union, and hired a white attorney to negotiate with white landowners for higher wages and better cotton prices.

On September 30, a group of white officials from the Missouri-Pacific Railroad set out to disrupt union activities by firing upon a group of blacks attending a union meeting. Union members returned fire, killing two whites. Word of the gunfight spread quickly, and soon hundreds of armed whites arrived in Elaine bent on revenge. The white mobs burned black homes and businesses. In response to the mayhem, federal troops targeted blacks who were trying to protect their possessions and defend their lives. Hundreds of blacks were arrested and many were forcibly held in the basements of the city's public schools.

67 African Americans were indicted for inciting violence. A white mob gathered outside of the courthouse as 12 black union members were convicted and sentenced to die. In 1921, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) persuaded the Arkansas Supreme Court to reverse six of those convictions. The NAACP appealed the six remaining convictions to the U.S. Supreme Court and in 1923, the Court ruled that the Arkansas convictions had violated federal due process law. In January 1925, the remaining black union members were released, marking one of the first times that a federal court had intervened to reverse a racially biased southern court.

***With Contributions By
Alonford James Robinson, Jr.***

Some Questions That Will BE Answered:

Who Were The Elaine 12???

Why Should Scipio Africanus Jones Be Remembered???

What Happened To The Johnston Brothers???

Join W.E. A.L.L. B.E. Radio As We Answer Those Questions As Well As Try To Discern Fact From Fiction By Providing Substantive Commentary About This Dark Moment In U.S. History...

Also Check Out on W.E. A.L.L. B.E. TV:
"Black Holocaust: The Elaine, Arkansas Race Massacre Of 1919" with Dr. Robert Franklin~7/27/2011

W.E. A.L.L. B.E. TV: Documenting The Black Holocaust: The Elaine, Arkansas Race Massacre Of 1919 & Will Brown Lynching~1/28/2012

More On The Elaine, Arkansas Massacre Of 1919:


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